It can be challenging to decide where to place and install CCTV cameras specially when it comes residential installations. This is mainly due to lack of clear cable access routes from ideal camera position back to Video recorder box. For example, lot of “choosing best CCTV location” guides on the internet will tell you best places to install CCTV cameras are 1.) one by the front door 2.) another by the back door 3.) and another one closer to ground floor windows etc… very helpful to point out where to stick the cameras but how practical is this? unless we are talking about some 100% wireless (probably battery powered 🙂 ) cameras, well there lot to consider before starting to install CCTV cameras around your House. So lets start from the beginning from the time you have to decide what type/style/housing of cameras you need to choose for your installation up to final commissioning
what is the difference between a dome camera and a bullet camera?
Back in the days bullet cameras are mainly built for outdoor use (initial large metal casing bullet cameras) some of the industrial range cameras even had wipers for rain. Domes were then designed mainly for internal use at the time.
Times are different now, majority of the CCTV manufacturers now use the same image sensor and circuitry in either dome type housing or bullet type housing to give the customer a choice. Some of the long range powerful infrared cameras still only come in Bullet shape housing as it has more space to house heat fans, more circuitry and more infrared modules, but this is only for industrial and large commercial range applications.
In a nutshell domes & bullets are two different housing types. you can buy either one of them with similar specifications for many installations.
Bullet cameras Vs Dome CCTV Cameras, which ones right for my installation?
- Due to the size and shape of bullet cameras they will stand out and act as a visual deterrent in addition to recording video
- Mainly used for outdoor commercial & some residential installations
- depending on the bracket, bullet cameras can be turned to various different angles & Stand off from the wall
- If you want cameras to blend in with exterior of your house & have a discrete video surveillance this is the choice
- Most dome cameras can be installed outdoor or indoor (IP66) and they do come in vandal resistant metal housings
- Once fully installed dome cameras cannot be easily moved around or tampered with
If you want have best of both worlds you could go on a combination and have discrete dome cameras to blend in with front exterior of your house and have bullet cameras for the sides & rear of your property to act more of a visual deterrent as majority of the break ins happen from rear of the property
Images from our Dome camera and bullet camera installations
Now take a look some of images from our Dome camera installations
Where to place CCTV cameras around home & where to put the video recoder DVR unit
So in a typical day to day installation work, when we walk in to the property first thing we do is we have a look at wheres the best place to install the cctv Video recorder box (NVR/DVR) when we talk about where to place cctv cameras at home
- It has to be in a safe location so that intruders cannot easily find and take it away with them
- you should be able to access as and when you need to download video footage, upgrade firmware or to do any maintenance work
- You need to have power and access to hardwired network cable near to the recorder unit
- cables from each camera will finally reach the video recorder box, so behind the video recorder box is going have loads of incoming camera cables , media out cables and network cables. inside a cupboard or an enclosure could be ideal to house all these wiring and make it all look neat.
- Bare in mind Video recorder box and power supplies (if any) does create bit of a heat and they do need adequate ventilation for a smoother operation
- Finally, you need to have a reasonable cable access route for cables from each camera to reach the video recorder box.
ideal locations in a 3bed semi where you can install a cctv digital video recorder unit ( DVR/NVR)
Loft or Attic can be an ideal location to install CCTV DVR/ NVR video recorder unit as it ticks many of the above requirement. But if your loft look similar to whats in above images you can forget about fitting DVR in attic!
This is an ideal place for the entire CCTV set up. If you can get a power socket fitted and a cable from the router ( or a decent powerline adaptor), this is fantastic location for the entire CCTV setup, its out of reach from kids, safe and secure. If you had a breakin, its not obvious for intruders to go in to the loft looking for CCTV compared to having cctv in first floor or ground floor cupboard.
Advantage of using the loft is that this a central area for the entire premises, you can reach the loft from many locations around the house through soffit facia panels. for higher level cameras (installed to get an overview of the area) can be mounted directly to the soffit panels and cables can go straight to loft.
Cameras installed at lower level for face recognition and identification purpose- cabling from these cameras can be taken up to the loft mounted behind rain water pipe work to neatly hide the cabling
As you can see from images, using the loft as a central hub for the CCTV installation can be very useful. Apart from the Loft/Attic some of the other areas around the house to install a cctv video recorder DVR,
- secure cupboard in hallway and bedrooms
- Kitchen wall unit
- Under work desk in a study
- Under stairs (if there’s enough space)
- Basement cupboards
- if your loft is converted to a bedroom you can use on of the cupboards built in to loft eves
One of the main things to consider for easy wiring access to any of the above areas (from each camera) are to make sure they back on to an external wall where you can drill through and access. This might not be so easy if you want to place your CCTV DVR box under TV unit in middle of the living room ( we wouldn’t recommend this as this is easily accessible by any one)
If you are building your house new, its always good to get the cabling in along with electricians wiring (with a distance) to the ceiling joist areas before plaster boards go up to the ceiling and get the cables from a central DVR location to each camera location pulled out and ready. This way you will get a very professional finish at the completion.
remember its always going to cost you more to get the wiring work done after completing building work, more wiring material to go around different cable access routes, more labour time to run the cables and its lot harder to try and hid cables. So spend bit extra during building works and get the wires in at the same time, you will be pleased afterwords.
Below you can see some of the images during first fixing work we’ve carried out for a client.
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